Water Filtration Equipment and Supplies
Industrial, commercial and residential construction | Water treatment and filtration equipment and supplies
Drinking water is essential for supplying residential condominiums, corporate buildings and industrial companies, and is mainly used for:
Providing drinking water to residential and workplace users is essential from the planning stage of building construction. From the selection of pumps, filters to avoid sediments in cisterns and pipes, to a very specific treatment so that the water complies with the acceptable parameters for human use and consumption.
Use of potable water:
- Bathroom and showers
- Washing of clothes, machinery, crockery and utensils…
- Irrigation of gardens and supply cisterns
- Building cleaning
- Toilets and sinks
- Cooling and heating systems
- Industrial processes (in companies)
- Human consumption: for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene.
All this is done through pipelines and distribution systems that carry the water from the source to the points of use.
Drinking water use in residential condominiums, buildings and businesses
Water is essential for life and it is important to make sure you have enough to last during a crisis or emergency. It is also important to know how much water you consume per day or per week, so that you can properly plan for future water needs. To understand this, we need to determine where the water comes from and how it moves through your home or business.
Drinking water use planning
Drinking water consumption planning is necessary, especially for companies.
The first step in planning drinking water consumption is to consider the number of employees and the amount of time they will be on the job. Then, based on this information, you can make an estimate of the amount of potable water your company will need each day. An analysis of the quality of the drinking water supplied, to know if it meets the quality standards or requirements for use in service or in a production line. In case of requiring a water treatment for the water intake or it can be at the point of use for a specific need in water quality.
For example: If your office has 100 employees working 8 hours a day Monday through Friday (40 hours/week), you will need about 2 gallons per person per day (GPPD). This means that, if the 100 people come into work on a Monday morning and use the taps or fountains all day without stopping or taking breaks, that 100 GPPD will have been consumed by noon or early afternoon.
Domestic potable water system
The domestic water system is the part of your building’s plumbing that supplies water for drinking and cooking. Includes:
- Supply and distribution, which brings fresh water from an outside source, such as a municipal supply or a well.
- Treatment and disinfection (also called “purification”), which removes contaminants from water to make it safe to drink. This can be done with chlorine gas or ultraviolet radiation.
- Tanks where excess water is stored in case of shortages in the area, so that there is no shortage in emergency situations such as earthquakes or floods. * Domestic drinking water systems are connected directly to the central heating/cooling systems of buildings: you should not use these pipes for anything else, because they carry very high pressures.
The internal distribution network is the piping that connects the potable water supply to the faucets, showers and toilets. Pipes should be made of a material that does not corrode easily. Pipes should also be insulated to prevent freezing during the winter months.
The main components of an internal distribution system are:
- Water meter: measures the consumption of liquid passing through it (e.g. liters) and records it monthly as part of the utility bill.
- Pressure reducing valve: reduces the pressure in case it is too high;
- Shut-off valves: stop the flow through certain sections of the pipeline when necessary (e.g. when performing maintenance work);
- Non-return valves: prevent backflow to other parts of the house if a section fails.
- Water treatment: The water coming out of the water intakes is treated to remove impurities and make it potable.
- Water storage: The water company stores surplus water in reservoirs for use when demand increases.
- Water distribution: The way water gets from the place where it is stored to your home or business, through pipes buried underground or placed above ground on utility poles.
Water use in residential condominiums, buildings and businesses is usually done through a “downstream network”. This means that water travels from the reservoir to the users through pipes, intakes and outlets, sprinklers and other systems.
Storage and flow rate of drinking water tanks and cisterns
At first glance, it may seem that drinking water tanks are quite simple. The larger the tank, the more water it can store and use. But if you are going to invest in a system that will last for years and years, there are some important factors to consider when choosing which type of storage capacity is right for your needs.
The first step is to calculate the amount of water to be stored, which depends largely on two factors: how many people live in the building, house or company (users) and how often they use the toilet (frequency). For example: If there are two people living in an apartment with one bathroom and both occupants shower three times a day, each should have about six liters of hot water at any given time; however, if those same two people shared a four-bedroom house with four bathrooms, each could have 12 liters of hot water a day without running out during peak times!
Knowing the drinking water needs is essential for the community of owners, the building or the company to perform its functions correctly.
Knowing the drinking water needs is essential for the community of owners, the building or the company to perform its functions correctly. Potable water requirements are the amount of water needed for drinking, cooking, washing or in a production line that requires a certain quality of water.
If you are an owner or employee of a homeowner’s association or commercial building, knowing your organization’s potable water consumption will help ensure that all your needs are met.
Division of graywater and wastewater
Also before starting a new construction project, it is important to separate graywater and wastewater in order to give a special treatment and reuse this water for irrigation or services.
We recommend following local and national rules and regulations on the management and separation of gray and wastewater. In general, it is necessary to have separate pipes for each type of water and to avoid mixing between them. In addition, it is important to perform periodic inspections to ensure that pipelines and systems are functioning properly and meeting environmental standards.
Planning the use of drinking water is a complex process that requires knowledge of all the elements involved. It is important to consider all possible scenarios when planning for the potable water needs of your building, condominium or business, as it could save you money by avoiding overuse,