As we know, water is one of the primary resources for life and unfortunately it is a resource that does not renew itself. That is why we put the following 6 points to know that if we continue with the current habits, both personal and in the industry, in the next 10 years we will have a major global water crisis.
The world's population is projected to grow from today's 7 billion to 10 billion by 2050. Giving these extra 3 billion clean water will be a major challenge.
Factor number 2: Cattle Raising
Middle-class people have a diet based on animal protein, this increases the need to produce enough meat to meet the demand, however, producing half a kilo of meat uses 17 times more water than growing half a kilo of corn.
Factor number 3: Climate Change
Increasing global temperature accelerates evaporation, this means that lakes and rivers are drying up faster.
Water supplies for crop irrigation are running dry.
Rain patterns are changing, there is more time between rains and their intensity has increased.
Times of drought make the land hard, and when it finally rains, the water stays on the surface and either evaporates or goes to the sewers instead of recovering supplies underground.
Factor number 4: Contaminated water
Globally, the amount of agricultural and industrial chemicals leaking into water supplies has increased.
To produce more food, more fertilizers and pesticides have been used, many of which end up in aquifers, lakes and rivers.
Extraction techniques such as hydraulic fracturing not only require the use of large amounts of water, but the chemicals added during the process contaminate drinking water supplies.
Factor number 5: Leaks
A large amount of water is lost every day around the world due to leaks, fire hydrants, theft and neglect.
For example, London loses about 30% of its water to leaks, Chicago loses about 25%, and in New York City, a difficult-to-repair leak causes the loss of 35 million gallons of water per day.
Factor number 6: Industry
The energy it takes to run cars, computers, and other applications has a high cost of water.
The fuel industry needs 4 gallons of water for every gallon of gasoline.
Finally, hydraulic fracturing to extract natural gas uses up to 8 million gallons of water per exploited well.
An immediate change is required so as not to exhaust the supply of the vital liquid, the change must come from all the inhabitants of the planet, not only from large industries, because if we do not act now, we do not know what may happen in the future that does not it is very far away.